In LTA 1.0, We talked about Zentangle Art and now in LTA 2.0 we will be understanding about “Pithora” paintings, which is a folk art.It is an art which is mainly done at the border villages of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. So yes, you can consider this blog as my art Blog, In which I am going to include almost everything I know.
E.g. History, Design, Importance, Motivation, Folk peoples myths, Design and many more etc.
So for the very first time, I understood this art, when I visited a village named Narukot near Jambughoda(Panchmahal), Gujarat, India. It is a geographically very small village having few(207) houses. Mainly, they are in agriculture and animal husbandry. The total geographical area of the village is 1104.67 hectares. Let me show you some clicks of that specific painting, so you can visualize my write up.
Above are the real pictures taken from village. I went to Jambooghoda before two years, at that time I visited this place named Narukot village. I felt warmth entering that place. One head of the main house took me to his house.
The PITHORA paintings trail back long in to history and find their roots in the cave paintings, thousands of years old. This is the most prevalent and characteristic art tradition of Rathwa community,who live in the region bordering Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.(States of India).The style of painting vary from every Bhil group. They hold deep social relevance.It is like abstract description of the surroundings they live.These paintings are considered to be highly sacred.The completion of the painting is considered as a ceremony.Anybody who has the Pithora painting in their home is highly respected in the society.The one who performs the ritual is called the head of priest.Only males from the tribe are allowed to learn the art.The presence of the painting is auspicious for them.
The painting is always located at the household(Outside the house)The Pithora artists are called “Lakharas” and one who keeps an account of the paintings are called “Jhokharas”.During painting constant chanting is going on. Most of the work is done by hand.There is a long story behind this painting. Its said that, this is originated for use in sort of cartography. These paintings represents some type of codes in it.For trading purpose these type of maps are created so outsiders can not understand those codes.
And on other side it has religious virtues.These rituals are performed either to thank god or for a wish or a boon to be granted. The presence of Pithora god is considered as solution of all problems. These paintings mainly contains horses and bulls images. In this task three major wall of house(verandah) are painted. Central wall is 2 times larger than other two side walls. These walls are prepared with two layers of cow dung paste. And one layer of white chalk. Unmarried girls(Kuwakshi)bring these material.These whole process of preparing base is called lippan.
Borders are drawn which is considered as sacred rectangular enclosures.Generally the uppermost section of the enclosure represents the world of Gods.Just below this line there is a procession of the marriage of Pithora and Pithori.Tipana are the oragne dots made with the fingers in the smaller rectangle in the centre.Thhe god Pithora is painted and then the wife Pithori is near these dots.Elements like sun and moon are drawn on the top.There are three horizontal rows ,out of which the central one containing the pithora figure is the most important.The last row has figures of procession like elephants and Raja Bhoj.Khatro horses are painted to the right,which are considered to be the horses of their ancestors.On the left wall they draw two white horses,which are for ghosts and witches who have to be satisfied with gifs and horses.The lower half of the enclosure depicts the actual myth of creation.
The painter also accommodates the commodities essential for the survival of the tribe. The paintings is regarded as an abode of the deity and it should have all the crucial things depicted in it like water ,farming, hookah, livestock, food, hunting equipment and other things which invoke apprehension in bribe such as snakes, scorpions, guns and evil spirits.
Generally Orange, Green, Blue, Red ,Yellow basic colours are used for the Pithora Paintings.